HOW TO IDENTIFY VIOLENCE
Defining violence against women, finding the words to talk about it is very important.
Violence on intimate relationships can be:
Pestering persecutory, stalking
are all episodes that repeat with the time and increasingly get worse.
Aim of these behaviors is to impose power and control in the couple relationship through physical, sexual, psychological and economic abuse.
The violence against women (inside and outside the household) is defined in article 1 of the Declaration on the Elimination of Violence Against Women dated 1993, as «Any act of gender-based violence that results in, or is likely to result in, physical, sexual or psychological harm, including threats of such acts, coercion or arbitrary deprivation of liberty occurring in public or in private life».
What is physical violence:
Any act of violence against your body. For example when you get beaten up, with or without the use of objects, rammed, dragged by your hair, slapped, punched, kicked, burnt, wounded with a knife.
What is psychological violence:
Any disrespect for your identity as a person, such as when you get insulted, continuously criticized, humiliated or ridiculed, when you get stalked, controlled, when you are forbidden to see your relatives and friends, to be involved in your interests or like when you are threatened that your sons, daughters and family would get hurt.
What is economic violence:
Any kind of control over your economic autonomy like when you are prevented from looking for or keeping your job, having your own bank account or when you are not informed about the household income and expenses, when you are not master of your own money or belongings.
What is sexual violence:
Any kind of involvement in sexual acts without your agreement, both within and outside the couple. Within the couple, when your partner forces you to have intercourses although you do not want to, to watch or use pornographic material or to have intercourses with other people against your will.
What is stalking:
Pestering persecutory behavior, often carried out when you try to escape from a violent relationship or when you do not want to start a new one. The effects can be devastating on
the victim’s life: the sense of autonomy of the woman is undermined, making her feel trapped.